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建设农业强国背景下数字化转型对农林企业创新效率的影响
熊立春1,2,3,李丽1,张智国1,程宝栋4,王凤婷1,2,3*
0
(1.浙江农林大学 经济管理学院,杭州 311300;2.浙江农林大学 生态文明研究院,杭州 311300;3.浙江农林大学 浙江省乡村振兴研究院,杭州 311300;4.北京林业大学 经济管理学院,北京 100083)
摘要:
为推动农林企业更好地享有数字化转型红利,提升农林企业创新效率并实现农林企业共同富裕的带动作用,以2009—2020年235个A股农林业上市公司面板数据为基础,使用双向固定效应模型,实证分析了数字化转型对农林企业创新效率的影响。研究表明:1)数字化转型与农林企业创新效率之间存在显著的倒U型影响,适度水平的数字化有利于创新效率提升,超过一定临界点后,数字化水平的提高负向影响创新效率;2)数字化转型通过倒U型曲线效应影响企业风险承担水平,进而影响了创新效率,促成了数字化转型与创新效率之间的倒U型关系;3)企业高管的学术经历负向调节农林企业数字化转型与创新效率之间的倒U型关系。基于上述结论,不仅企业和高管团队要发挥能动作用,而且政府要加快农业新型基础设施和标准体系建设、加强政策针对性、完善数字化转型公共服务平台,加快农业现代化助推农业强国建设的步伐。
关键词:  数字化转型  创新效率  农林企业  倒U型  企业高管
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2024.08.02
投稿时间:2023-11-04
基金项目:浙江省哲学社会科学规划研究课题(24ZJQN034YB)
Impact of digital transformation on the innovation efficiency of agricultural and forestry enterprises in the context of building up agricultural power
XIONG Lichun1,2,3, LI Li1, ZHANG Zhiguo1, CHENG Baodong4, WANG Fengting1,2,3*
(1.School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, China;2.Research Institute for Eco-civilization, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, China;3.Research Institute of Zhejiang Rural Revitalization, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, China;4.School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China)
Abstract:
To promote agricultural and forestry enterprises to better share the dividends of digital transformation, improve their innovation efficiency and achieve the driving role of common prosperity for agricultural and forestry enterprises, based on panel data of 235 A-share agricultural and forestry listed companies from 2009 to 2020, this study uses the two-way fixed effect model to empirically analyze the impact of digital transformation on the innovation efficiency of agricultural and forestry enterprises. The results show that: 1) There is a significant inverted U-shaped impact between digital transformation and the innovation efficiency of agricultural and forestry enterprises. A moderate level of digitization is beneficial for improving innovation efficiency, and when the level goes beyond a certain critical point, the improvement of digitization has a negative impact on innovation efficiency. 2) Digital transformation affects the level of enterprise risk taking through the inverted U-shaped curve effect, thereby affecting innovation efficiency and promoting the inverted U-shaped relationship between digital transformation and innovation efficiency. 3) The academic experience of corporate executives negatively regulates the inverted U-shaped relationship between digital transformation and innovation efficiency of agricultural and forestry enterprises. To sum up, not only should enterprises and executive teams play an active role, but also the government should speed up the construction of new agricultural infrastructure and standard system, strengthen the pertinence of policies, improve the public service platform for digital transformation, and accelerate the pace of agricultural modernization to promote the construction of agricultural power.
Key words:  digital transformation  innovation efficiency  agricultural and forestry enterprises  inverted U-shape  corporate executives